In order to move joints in an optimal level and supply them with nutrients, they must be surrounded by viscous substances, which can adapt their structure flexibly and cushion high loads.
Hyaluronic acid has exactly the same properties. The polysaccharide belonging to the glycosaminoglycans (GAG) is capable of binding large quantities of water. Because of these water deposits, the hyaluronic acid can withstand strong pressure, act as a shock absorber and remain the elasticity. The hyaluronic acid also ensures that the individual gel components can move smoothly. This is because it can alter its viscosity: the stronger the forces, the more it liquefies without being pushed out of the joint like water.
Hyaluronic acid: Not only in the joints
Since hyaluronic acid adheres particularly well to the cartilage, it is not surprising that it constitutes the main part of the joint fluid. Hyaluronic acid is found not only in the cartilage and in the joints but also in the connective tissue. In tendons and ligaments, skin, lymph fluid and the vitreous of the eye, the multi-sugar is, for example, contained in large quantities.
Body hyaluronic acid
The cells of the connective tissue can produce hyaluronic acid itself, in order to transport them outwards into the cell interspaces (extracellular matrix). However, self-production is slowly declining from 25 years of age. This has wide-reaching consequences: wear is gradually occurring in the joints. But even the skin can store less water, so that over time folds are created.
Joints support sensibly
In the case of a starting osteoarthritis, a therapy with hyaluronic acid, which is injected directly into the affected joint space, can alleviate the discomfort. However, the hyaluronic acid which has been added is decomposed after a relatively short time. The regular intake of hyaluronic acid can also minimize arthritic pain, but also optimally support the joints at high loads